Dr. Amir Erfani

Amir Erfani portrait
Professor / Faculty of Arts and Science - Psychology, Sociology and Child and Family Studies - Sociology
Full-time Faculty
Graduate Program Faculty
Amir Erfani is Professor of Sociology and Demography, who has focused much of his career on the study of demographic problems pertaining to childbearing and fertility, reproductive health, family, and health inequalities. His recent projects focus on investigating low fertility and fertility intentions in relation to family transformation, gender inequality and uncertainty.
BA, University of Tehran
MA, University of Tehran
PhD, University of Western Ontario
Areas of Specialization:

Social and Technical Demography; Population Studies, Quantitative Research Methods, Multivariate Social Statistics

Research Interests:

Human Fertility; reproductive health; modeling demographic behaviors; health inequality; family transformation; immigrant integration; survey research.

Select Publications

Odd, Megan, Amir Erfani. (2023). “Homelessness in the District of Nipissing of Ontario, Canada before, at the onset and during the COVID-19 pandemic: A trend analysis (2018-2021).” BMC Public Health 23, 1388.

Erfani, Amir, Kolahi, Ali-Asghar. (2023). "Reasons for high prevalence of contraceptive withdrawal in Tehran, Iran." Scientific Reports 13, 10525 (2023).

Babak Moeini, Amir Erfani, Majid Barati, Amin Doosti‑Irani, Hatam Hosseini, Mokhtar Soheylizad. (2023). "Development and psychometric properties of extended theory of planned behavior questionnaire for childbearing intentions and behaviors in Iran." Korean Journal of Family Medicine 44(2):109-116.

Erfani, Amir & Roya Jahanbakhsh. (2022). “Do spousal intimate relationships affect fertility intentions and preferences?” Journal of Family Issues 43(4) 1117-1135.

Erfani, Amir. (2021). “Determinants of induced abortion in Tehran, Iran: the role of contraceptive failure.” European journal of contraception & reproductive health care 26(3): 233-239.

Erfani, Amir, Roya Jahanbakhsh, Abdol-Hossein Kalantari. (2020). “Individualism and Fertility Intentions.” Journal of Population Association of Iran 15(29): 239-264.

Erfani, Amir. (2019). “Iran’s second demographic transition and below-replacement fertility: Implications for population policies.” İstanbul University Journal of Sociology, 39(2), 475-478.

Erfani, Amir, Hatam Hosseni, and Marzieh Nojomi. (2019). “Unintended pregnancies in Hamedan, Iran: Levels and Determinants,” Women and Health 59(3): 318-333.

Erfani, Amir, Marzieh Nojomi and Hatam Hosseni. (2018). “Prolonged birth intervals in Hamedan, Iran: variations and determinants,” Journal of Biosocial Science 50(4): 457-471.

Erfani, Amir. (2017). “Low fertility intention in Tehran, Iran: The role of attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioral control,” Journal of Biosocial Science, 49(3): 292–308.

Erfani. Amir.  (2017). “Curbing publicly-funded family planning services in Iran: Who is affected?” Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care 43(1): 37-43.

Erfani, Amir. (2016). “Levels, Trends and Correlates of Abortion in Tehran, Iran: 2009–2014,” International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 42(2):93-101.

Erfani, Amir. (2015). “Curbing family planning in Iran: an appraisal of Bill 446,” Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care 41(4):317-318.

Raza, Muhammad Munib and Amir Erfani. (2015). “The earnings differences among second generation South Asians,” South Asian Diaspora 7(2):149-165.

Erfani, Amir and Kevin McQuillan. (2014). “The changing timing of births in Iran: An explanation on the rise and fall in fertility after the 1979 Islamic Revolution,” Biodemography and Social Biology 60(1):67-86.

Erfani, Amir. (2013). “Levels, trends, and determinants of unintended pregnancy in Iran: The role of contraceptive failures,” Studies in Family Planning 44(3): 299-317.

Erfani, Amir and Ilknur Yuksel-Kaptanoglu. (2012). “The use of withdrawal among birth limiters in Iran and Turkey,” Studies in Family Planning 43(1): 21-32.